A jewel of the area with its Roman anphitheater
Luni is a jewel of the area around La Spezia: don’t miss to pay a visit to its unique anphitheater which, regrettably not preseved as it should be, is a unique evidence of the long history of this region.
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The Ligurians continued to fight the Romans until 154 BC, when the consul Claudius Marcellus subdued them permanently. In his honor it was erected a monument in the city, and possibly also the name of the nearby town of Montemarcello comes from the name of the Roman console.
The Romans failed to overcome the obstacle represented by the marshes to build the commercial roads to connect to Pisa and to the north of the Italian Peninsula. Yet the important Aurelia road, leading from Rome to the Gallia passed from Luni, making it one of the most important Roman ports.
In addition to its favorable location along a main road of the empire, in the first century BC the city took advantage of the massive use of white marble from the Apuan Alps (Carrara marble), of which it became the main loading port.
Besides, its inhabitants exported timber(coming directly from the course of the Magra river), cheese, wines and handicrafts from the inland.
In the era of its greatest splendor, the city grew to more than 50000 inhabitants.
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