The birth and development of Sarzana are likely to be linked with the decline of the Roman port of Luni, which around year 1000 was rapidly depopulated following the changed geographical conditions the formation of ponds and marshes, bearers of malaria).
For these reasons, the Luni people preferred to move into the nearby village of Sarzana, in rapid expansion.
In 1204 the Bishop Residence was transferred from Luni to Sarzana, to which Bishops guaranteed a relatively broad independence, before the city was subjected to the dominion of the various neighbor lords.
Castruccio Castracani, lord of Lucca, dominated the city from 1314 to 1328; after various events, which saw the Pisani, the Visconti, the Genoese and the Florentines contend for the domination of Sarzana, the latter, in 1487, led by Lorenzo the Magnificent, who defeated the Genovese.
One of the towns that gave origin to the lower Lungiana after the Roman city of Luni was destryed.
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